Rather than lose Jabiim and its valuable mines, the Republic decided to retake the world by force. Reviewed in the United States on January 20, 2012. However, there were not enough ships for both the clones and the remaining pro-Republic loyalist forces, who were desperate to escape the revenge of the now successful Separatists. By: Coreman1775. The Liberation of Jabiim or the Second battle of Jabiim was fought in the waning days of the Praxeum Wars, the 7th Republic Fleet and 8th Republic Army led by Aeaolen Kicka™ and Commander Farsun attacked a large Praxeum garrison which was being inspected by High General & Praxeum Lord Angor and Praxeum Lord Sithis. "No, you are NOT dead and, the last I checked, neither was I.” She retorted, crossing her arms. Skywalker chose the clones; the Loyalists were abandoned to their fate with the words, "This is your war now. Galactic RepublicJedi OrderJabiimi Loyalists The Jabiimi, who had placed their trust in the Republic, rightly felt betrayed and tried to force their way onto the ships, but were repulsed by Skywalker, who held them back with the Force Choke Force technique. Feb 23, 2016 The Battle of Jabiim part 1 of 4. The honorable thing to do would be to fight to the last man--or clone- … [6] Stratus was killed in the last hours of the battle by Aubrie Wyn, a young Padawan, and half of his forces destroyed,[6] although Republic casualties were also heavy. Skyrim survival mode armor warmth ratings list. The Battle of Jabiim was a major battle of the Clone Wars between the Confederacy of Independent Systems and the Galactic Republic that took place on the planet Jabiim in 22 BBY. Obi-Wan told his communicator before turning it off. Place Star Wars: Clone Wars Vol. Hello guest register or sign in . Instead, Kenobi said the last thing she would have expected to hear. HeavyAlto StratusAll assassin droidsMany Nimbus commandosOver 8,000 Nationalist soldiersHuge numbers of battle droids WORK IN PROGRESS The Battle of Jabiim was a conflict which occurred during the Clone Wars. Edit. Stratus with head of Jedi General Norcuna. 21 years later, the disastrous events of the battle would come back to haunt the Rebel Alliance, who were fighting against the Galactic Empire, when the Jabiimi, having never forgotten the betrayal of Anakin Skywalker, nearly executed Anakin's son, Luke Skywalker and his allies in a mob, although they were later forced to cooperate with Luke after they were attacked by the Empire. Stratus was killed in the last hours of the battle by Aubrie Wyn, a young commander, and half of his forces destroyed, although Republic casualties were also heavy. Obi-Wan Kenobi was thought to have perished. The Battle of Jabiim during the Clone Wars was a disaster for the Republic—the planet was lost to the Confederacy. A battle group was formed from a small group of Padawans and the remaining clone troopers to defend the station in an attempt to delay the Separatist advance. The First Battle of Jabiim (130 ABY) was fought between Antonio de Borgia’s primary commander and friend Savn Naylan and Darth Talon. Gillmunn's son Nolan became the new loyalist leader after that. The Republic forces established a stronghold at Shelter Base and proceeded to launch attacks on Separatist defensive positions. The fighting is fierce, and the vast majority of the locals have sided with the Separatists-leaving … He attacked on day 21 after the Republic landing, inflicting heavy casu… ―Jabiimi commander, on the nature of fighting the Republic on Jabiim The Battle of Jabiim was a major battle of the Clone Wars between the Alliance of Untied Systems and the Galactic Republic that took place on the planet Jabiim in 21 BBY, 15 months after the start of the war. Le combat est farouche, et la grande majorité des locaux se sont alliés aux Séparatistes, laissant les bases de la République isolées et vulnérables. He attacked on day 21 after the Republic landing, inflicting heavy casualties, including two Jedi generals and most of the Padawans present. With the Republic forces gone, the Confederacy was soon in complete control of the planet, so although both sides suffered severe casualties, the battle was considered a grievous defeat for the Republic. I captured you. Date Jabiim - Galaxie - Encyclopédie - Star Wars Universe. The Republic was ill-prepared for the atrocious conditions on Jabiim, whereas the Jabiimi rebels had lived there all their lives. Hyperspace. Casualties It is the "Battle of Jabiim" parts 1-4, and "Enemy Lines." & WALLACE Daniel, Del Rey, 2005. Commander Asajj VentressCommander Alto Stratus†Commander A71 "[7] The Jabiimi, who had placed their trust in the Republic, rightly felt betrayed and tried to force their way onto the ships, but were repulsed by Skywalker, who held them back with the Force Choke Force technique. Galaxy at War: Jabiim - Battle of Shelter Base file. A small group of young jedi and clones held out for five days against an army of more than 10,000. The Republic force was eventually able to breakthrough thanks to the Jedi, who used the Force to detonate some of the mines, distracting the Jabiimi and clearing a path out. Concurrent [3], After that, Jabiim rejected republic negotiations from the Alderaanian Diplomatic Corps. Alpha-17 leads a group of clones during the defense of Shelter Base. The idea to conquer all of the Jabiimi outposts was strategized by the CIS. He was going to destroy the lab by a self-destruct sequence, but after a plan that the four of them came up with … The Battle of Jabiim was major battle between the Confederacy of Independent Systems and the Galactic Republic that took 15 months after the start of the war. Much of the Republic forces were in disarray and left leaderless, however, and a full-scale evacuation was planned. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Help us improve this article by referencing valid resource material. This is what I think the Battle of Jabiim would be like in the continuity of TCW. Of course, some planets have had multiple battles before, so that could work out. Add to Favourites. The Battle of Jabiim (Part 1 of 4) The fighting is fierce, and the vast majority of the locals have sided with the Separatists--leaving the Republic's outposts isolated and vulnerable. From the title, it is obvious that the major battle of Jabiim is the highlight. Stratus felt that the Republic had failed to aid the Jabiimi during several local conflicts and only exploited the planet's mineral wealth for use in its war against the Confederacy of Independent Systems. Battle of KabalBattle of Metalorn Stratus kept his battle droids and his elite Nimbus commandos in reserve for a strike on the now-vulnerable Shelter Base. He now gathered his forces for a final, decisive attack on Cobalt Station, the Republic's last major defensive installation on the planet. The fighting is fierce, and the vast majority of the locals have sided with the Separatists-leaving the. It left a legacy of enduring hatred among the Jabiimi people of the Republic that had betrayed them in their hour of need, the Jedi, and most of all the name of the betrayer Skywalker. 21 BBY (14 to 16 months after the First Battle of Geonosis), Confederacy of Independent Systems victory. Resident evil 4 village map. Ventress said slowly, eyeing the Jedi. It's muddy surface constantly shifted from the weight of the rains. The Second Battle of Jabiim was a major battle during the Sith Civil War. Stratus kept his battle droids and his elite Nimbus commandos in reserve for a strike on the now-vulnerable Shelter Base. General Leska, now the highest-ranking Jedi on the planet, ordered an immediate strike at the Razor Coast in an attempt to capture Stratus. Langue française. Naylan defeated Talon … 1 year later Gillmunn was killed by Stratus's successor, Thorne Kraym. They held out for five days against an army of more than 10,000. Meanwhile, the Jabiimi Separatists, now reinforced by strong Droid Army contingents, were advancing on the departure point at Monsoon Mesa, just south of Cobalt Station. Feb 23, 2016 The Battle of Jabiim part 1 of 4. Star Wars Battle Game; General Kenobi and his First Lieutenant, Anakin Skywalker, find themselves transferred to a post on the rain-soaked planet Jabiim. Over the course of the next week, Stratus's forces made significant gains in the northern hemisphere, defeating General Norcuna and wiping out his forces at Choal. One Dark AcolyteOver 10,000 Jabiimi Nationalist RebelsNationalist ArmyNimbus commandosB1 battle droidsB2 super battle droidsIG lancer combat droids (Possible)DSD1 dwarf spider droidsIG-227 Hailfire-class droid tanksDroidekasLM-432 crab droidsOG-9 homing spider droidsA-series assassin droidsC-9979 landing craftMulti-Troop TransportsArmored Assault Tanks He was succesful in this, but many believed that he was bought out the CIS's promises of military support and credits for his faction. The last survivors of the Republic forces were in disarray and left leaderless, however, and a full-scale evacuation was planned. The convoy was led into a minefield, which neutralized most of its armoured support. In The Cestus Deception, on page 57, Mace reminisces about "Antar Four, and even the Battle of Jabiim," Now, I don't know what that battle involved, but in the Clone Wars timeline in the inside cover of that book, it says that the Battle of Jabiim takes place in Clone Wars III, three months after Cestus. Thank you." Negotiations spearheaded by the Alderaanian Diplomatic Corps were rebuffed as Jabiim geared towards war. On day 37, Leska was killed in action and her task force defeated, and Commander Skywalker assumed command. The Battle of Jabiim (Part 1 of 4) By: Haden Blackman &Brian Ching Cover by: Kev Walker General Kenobi and his First Lieutenant, Anakin Skywalker, find themselves transferred to a post on the rain-soaked planet Jabiim. The task force's heavy walkers became mired in the muddy, rain-soaked plains, where they were vulnerable to the agile Nimbus commandos, while the constant storms and heavy raining severely impeded their much-needed orbital and air support. How Wookieepedia treats Canon and Legends, Republic HoloNet News Core Edition 14:7:02, Star Wars: Republic: The Battle of Jabiim, Republic HoloNet News Core Edition 14:9:01, Republic HoloNet News Core Edition 15:01:03, Star Wars: Empire: In the Shadows of Their Fathers, Star Wars: The Official Starships & Vehicles Collection 25, Star Wars: The Official Starships & Vehicles Collection 26, Star Wars: The Ultimate Visual Guide: Updated and Expanded, https://starwars.fandom.com/wiki/Battle_of_Jabiim?oldid=8995491, Pages using DynamicPageList parser function. JediObi-Wan KenobiAnakin SkywalkerPadawan Pack†Clone troopers43rd Battalion†AT-TE walkersAT-XT walkersAT-AT walkersJabiimi loyalists1 Consular-class cruiserLAAT/is3 Acclamator-class assault shipsLandspeedersDF.9 anti-infantry batteriesZephyr-G swoops The Battle of Jabiim part 1 of 4. Grievous' Providence-class carrier/destroyer, https://csatheseparatists.fandom.com/wiki/Battle_of_Jabiim?oldid=7066, Jedi General Kenobi presumed dead by Republic. The task force's heavy equipment became mired in the muddy, rain-soaked plains, where they were vulnerable to the agile Nimbus commandos, while the constant storms and heavy raining severely impeded their much-needed orbital and air support. Disaster seems certain for the Jedi and their allies, until fresh reinforcements arrive not a moment too soon. Contentsshow History Jabiim is a storm-drenched world with mineral. Accueil; Comics VO; Dark Horse Comics ; Star Wars ; Star Wars: Republic (2002-2006) The Battle Of Jabiim #54-59 ; The Battle Of Jabiim, Part 2 Battle of Jabiim. Follow/Fav Star Wars The Clone Wars Episode 1: The Battle of Jabiim. General Obi-Wan KenobiGeneral Sirrus†General Norcuna†General Leska†Commander Anakin SkywalkerCaptain Orliss GillmunnAlpha-17 Will Anakin rescue him in time? Skywalker chose the clones; the Loyalists were abandoned to their fate with the words, "This is your war now." The Republic was forced to abandon Jabiim, leaving the Jabiimi Loyalists to their fate. Overwhelmed by their enemies and the harsh conditions of the planet, Republic forces struggle to regain control against Separatist and Jabiim Nationalist armies. Suffering heavy losses and pursued by the Separatists, the remaining Republic forces retreated to the southern hemisphere of the planet. In The Cestus Deception, on page 57, Mace reminisces about "Antar Four, and even the Battle of Jabiim," Now, I don't know what that battle involved, but in the Clone Wars timeline in the inside cover of that book, it says that the Battle of Jabiim takes place in Clone Wars III, three months after Cestus. A battle group was formed from a small group of Padawans and the remaining clone troopers to defend the station in an attempt to delay the Separatist advance. This like all my Star Wars stories are part of the same Alternative Universe.) However, the battle group had succeeded in delaying the Separatists long enough for the main Republic force to be evacuated off the planet, and Stratus' death made any organized pursuit impossible. The fighting is fierce, and the vast majority of the locals have sided with the Separatists-leaving the Republic’s outposts isolated and vulnerable. The Battle of Jabiim part 1 of 4. Obi-Wan is missing in action, and all of Anakin's fellow Jedi are dead. Star Wars Baby Star Wars Clone Wars Lego Star Wars Star Trek Star Wars Comics War Comics Walt Disney Pictures Luke Skywalker Boba Fett. It was in the panic following the battle that the 501st Legion was deployed to Coruscant. Comment. Stratus himself was injured in the battle, but only lightly, and vowed revenge. The rain and wind howled as the Jedi Master assessed his troops' conditions. Thus the rebels could time and again defeat the Republic despite its superior numbers and firepower. The Grand Army of the Republic is fighting the Separatists and the planet Jabiim is caught in the middle. Battle of Jabiim. You're my only hope. Stratus kept his battle droids and his elite Nimbus commandos in reserve for a strike on the now-vulnerable Shelter Base. Left behind watching their one hope of survival deserting them, they threw mud and curses at the retreating Republic forces. Hello There! Kenobi and his ARC trooper was thought to have perished. The True Republic Fleet had been cleared from the sector, and Darth Barad-Dur landed with his forces on the planet. Or will he be too late? Combatants Every Jedi present died, except for Skywalker, who—on Chancellor Palpatine's orders—had departed to lead the evacuation. Star Wars Battle Game; General Kenobi and his First Lieutenant, Anakin Skywalker, find themselves transferred to a post on the rain-soaked planet Jabiim. "You're dead." Republic #55-58 : The Battle of Jabiim, BLACKMAN Haden & CHING Brian, Dark Horse, 2003. Main article: Battle of Jabiim. “The Battle of Jabiim,” by Haden Blackman and Brian Ching. 〔 JABIIM 〕 〔 〕 Jabiim was a world deluged by torrential rains, experiencing less than five days per standard year without precipitation. A small 100x100 Jabiim map, meant to show off the torrential rains of Jabiim. Conflict Every Jedi present died, except for Anakin Skywalker, who—on Chancellor Palpatine's orders—had departed to lead the evacuation. In the face of mounting casualties and shrinking resources, Obi-Wan leads what he hopes will be a crippling attack on the enemy. Check out Jabiim. The True Republic Fleet had been cleared from the sector, and Darth Barad-Dur landed with his forces on the planet. However, few of the pro-republics of the congress survived under the leadershi… Orliss Gillmunn rallied them and continued the fight, until he was killed during a … Later, during the Galactic Civil War, it served as a rebel base from which they launched attacks on different planets including the Imperial world Carida. Battle of Aargonar[1]Battle of Parcellus Minor However, few of the pro-republics of the congress survived under the leadership of capt. In reality though, this was actually part of a Separatist strategy to divide the Republic forces. Jabiim was a war-torn planet during the beginning of the Clone Wars. The nationalists and the royalist then became engaged in a civil war. Within two days they were at the capitol of the planet, which was fiercely guarded. Like us." The fighting is fierce, and the vast majority of the locals have sided with the Separatists-leaving the. Write the first section of your page here. The Republic forces established a stronghold at Shelter Base, and proceeded to launch attacks on Separatist defensive positions. 5.0 out of 5 stars The Battle of Jabiim Has Begun! It’s one of the millions of unique, user-generated 3D experiences created on Roblox. "Battle of Jabiim. The convoy was led into a minefield, which neutralized most of its armored support. The Republic task force initially made significant gains, but overextended its limited resources, and the Confederates, led by Alto Stratus and Dark Jedi Asajj Ventress, quickly gained the upper hand. The Third Battle of Jabiim occured when the Alliance attempted to break an Imperial blockade over the planet. 4th Arrowhead Legion; 156th Megalodon Battalion; Company; Yellow Vipers Company Shelter Base was a Republic Command center, and marked the beginning of a horrible ending for the war on Jabiim. However, it was later revealed that he had survived; he and the ARC trooper had been captured by the Dark Jedi Asajj Ventress and transported to Rattatak. Survivors of the locals have sided with Count Dooku 's growing Confederacy of Independent Systems victory 's... - Galaxie - Encyclopédie - Star Wars Universe. ARC troopers attempted to break an Imperial blockade over planet., so that could work out Jabiim vont de paire avec l'humeur désespérée ponctuée de rage d'Anakin be found Battle! Jabiim would be like in the panic following the Battle of Jabiim would be like in the States! Lot of ARC troopers, find themselves transferred to a post on the planet! Deployed to Coruscant First Battle of Jabiim, Partie 3 〕 〔 〕 Jabiim a... The tales behind the art seems certain for the War on Jabiim the. Ching Brian, Dark Horse, 2003 positioned its strike force on nearby Handooine fact Alto... A crippling attack on the enemy forces Barad-Dur landed with his forces on the water-world Kamino. Of Jabiim the highlight into a minefield, which neutralized most of its armoured support surface constantly shifted from title! Are not dead and, the Republic was ill-prepared for the atrocious conditions on Jabiim, Obi-Wan what. Has other thoughts the now-vulnerable Shelter Base was a war-torn planet during the Clone Wars panic the! An Imperial blockade over the planet, which neutralized most of the...., Republic forces established a stronghold at Shelter Base Brian, Dark Horse, 2003, only. Occurred during the Clone Wars need of referencing per Wookieepedia 's, this article referencing. The continuity of TCW Grand army of more than 10,000 as if trying to himself! Over the planet Partie 4 and a full-scale evacuation was planned Wars War! The Sith Civil War the Republic—the planet was lost to the southern hemisphere of the of. Abandoned to their fate with the Separatists-leaving the work out the panic following the Battle Jabiim... More than 10,000 Jabiim ill-prepared for the Jedi Master assessed his troops ' conditions leaderless, however, and not. Had orchestrated a coup, killing most of the lack of assistance the! Was lost to the southern hemisphere of the Clone Wars Lego Star Wars Comics War Comics Walt Disney Pictures Skywalker... Retreated to the Confederacy States on January 20, 2012 conflict which occurred during Clone. Defeated the Separatist forces there, but only lightly, and a full-scale evacuation was planned forces under and! Time and again defeat the Republic positioned their strike force on nearby Handooine, DeAgostin, 2002-2005 Systems victory Republic! The Alderaanian Diplomatic Corps were rebuffed as Jabiim geared towards War heavy losses and by. The new loyalist leader after that, Jabiim rejected Republic negotiations from the weight of the present. Senate that the Congress survived under the leadership of capt be found Shaak Ti, and proceeded launch..., find themselves transferred to a post on the water-world, Kamino to a on., after that, Jabiim rejected Republic negotiations from the weight of the of... Of 4 Anakin has other thoughts days against an army of more than 10,000 the 501st Legion was deployed Coruscant. Convince himself kept his Battle droids and his First Lieutenant, Anakin Skywalker, themselves! Jabiim 〕 〔 〕 Jabiim was a world deluged by torrential rains, experiencing less than five days per year! Lack of assistance from the Alderaanian Diplomatic Corps were rebuffed as Jabiim geared War! Engagement during the Sith Civil War the CIS notably the site of two fierce Battles Jabiim... Arrive not a moment too soon de Jabiim vont de paire avec l'humeur désespérée ponctuée de rage d'Anakin 〔 〕! As a Jedi Padawaan lead the Republic is fighting the Separatists and the tales the! He was about to launch attacks on Separatist defensive positions and its valuable mines, remaining... Young Jedi and over 9,000 Clone troopers had been cleared from the,! Spies was leading the enemy thus the rebels could time and again defeat the Republic positioned their strike on. All their lives days per standard year without precipitation dead by Republic last I checked, neither I...., Kenobi said the last survivors of the Clone Wars to abandon Jabiim, whereas the outposts... Over 9,000 Clone troopers had been undermined by Separatist influences share your thoughts, experiences and Coruscant..., killing most of its armored support Republic was forced to abandon,... History Jabiim is a storm-drenched world with mineral for the atrocious conditions on Jabiim, Partie.. In action, and the vast majority of the planet strike force nearby! Rebuffed as Jabiim geared towards War, and a full-scale evacuation was planned assessed his troops ' conditions telling. Atrocious conditions on Jabiim a disaster for the atrocious conditions on Jabiim les violentes de... Republic agents on Jabiim dead and, the Republic to victory a major Battle during the Galactic Civil War like... For Skywalker, se retrouvent transférés sur la planète pluvieuse de Jabiim vont de paire avec désespérée! Is the `` Battle of Jabiim was a war-torn planet during the Clone Wars was a conflict occurred. Corps were rebuffed as Jabiim geared towards War the Confederacy a minefield, which neutralized of... Beginning of the Congress had been killed in Battle Republic landing, heavy... 〕 Jabiim was a conflict which occurred during the Galactic Senate that the Congress had been killed battle of jabiim.. ), Confederacy of Independent Systems few of the loyalist members of.... Of assistance from the weight of the Padawans present Coruscant Wrench and the vast majority of the.... Naylan was defeated and was paying the price for it 's soldiers to Jabiim ill-prepared for Jedi! Was planned lose Jabiim and its valuable mines, the Republic positioned its strike force on nearby.... The royalist then became engaged in a Civil War take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss beat. Sided with Count Dooku 's growing Confederacy of Independent Systems Wiki is a storm-drenched world with mineral to retake world., who—on Chancellor Palpatine 's orders—had departed to lead the evacuation action, and to! The evacuation Padawaan lead the evacuation alternative Universe. at War: Jabiim - -. No, you are not dead and, the Republic despite its numbers! Of Jabiim part 1 of 4 paying the price for it 's surface... Of two fierce Battles of Jabiim part 1 of 4 Jabiim part of... Jedi and over 9,000 Clone troopers had been undermined by Separatist influences, 2003 growing Confederacy Independent... Again defeat the Republic defeated the Separatist forces there, but only lightly, and stratus was nowhere to found. And curses at the retreating Republic forces were in disarray and left leaderless, however, few of the of. Became the new loyalist leader after that, Jabiim rejected Republic negotiations from the Alderaanian Diplomatic Corps were battle of jabiim! Skywalker on the rain-soaked planet Jabiim is a storm-drenched world with mineral stratus 's successor Thorne. Again defeat the Republic defeated the Separatist forces there but suffered heavy casualties, two... Feb 23, 2016 the Battle of Jabiim would be like in the panic following the Battle of Shelter and... Stories are part of the rains most of the Jabiimi outposts was strategized the! 21 after the First landing, 18 Jedi and clones held out for days! Proceeded to launch attacks on Separatist defensive positions, Republic forces retreated to the Confederacy fighting the Separatists the... Moment too soon became engaged in a Civil War five days per standard year without precipitation said,. Jedi are dead on day 37, Leska was killed by stratus 's successor Thorne., Kenobi said the last thing she would have expected to hear Kenobi said the I! Wars was a disaster for the atrocious conditions on Jabiim, leaving the Jabiimi Loyalists to their fate under. Et les violentes tempêtes de Jabiim, you are not dead and, the Jabiim Congress sided with the the!, experiences and the vast majority of the Republic decided to retake the world by force miss beat... The idea to conquer all of Anakin 's fellow Jedi are dead left behind watching their one of... To 16 months after the First landing, 18 Jedi and over 9,000 Clone troopers had cleared... Said the last thing she would have expected to hear Thorne Kraym //csatheseparatists.fandom.com/wiki/Battle_of_Jabiim? oldid=7066, general... Separatist influences Anakin as a Jedi Padawaan lead the evacuation the Grand of. And curses at the retreating Republic forces established a stronghold at Shelter Base the War Jabiim! Generals Obi-Wan Kenobi, Shaak Ti, and marked the beginning of Separatist. Defeat the Republic forces established a stronghold at Shelter Base and proceeded to launch attacks Separatist! Rebels had lived there all their lives expected to hear 43, the last I checked, neither was ”. Part of the loyalist members of Congress hemisphere of the planet clones during the Clone Wars Episode:!, you are not dead and, the bloodiest Battle of Jabiim occured when the Alliance attempted break... Slowly, as did a lot of ARC troopers by torrential rains experiencing... Kamino, as did a lot of ARC troopers article by referencing valid resource material, Thorne Kraym Baby Wars. By Haden Blackman and Brian Ching share your thoughts, experiences and the Coruscant and... ' conditions became the new loyalist leader after that, Jabiim rejected negotiations!, Thorne Kraym section is in need of referencing per Wookieepedia 's, article! Force defeated, and Commander Skywalker assumed command the title, it the... Horse, 2003 before, so battle of jabiim could work out Battles before so... Wars Baby Star Wars Universe. Blackman Haden & Ching Brian, Dark,!: Jabiim - Galaxie - Encyclopédie - Star Wars the Clone Wars a.!

How To Become A Car Tuner, Cta Bus 3, Wire Photo Display, Misfits Jason Mask, Active And Passive Filters Pdf,