High elevation sloping conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances. Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. It finds that the SLSI based on its simplicity and flexibility, is one of the most comprehensive yet simple indices for measuring long-term livelihood security in rural areas. From these data LVI of each village was calculated. A more detailed assessment led by food security The objectives of this study were to estimate vulnerability to poverty among households in Ghana and examine the relationship between health status and vulnerability to poverty. The results of adaption strategies showed different variations on pesticides usage. Livelihood strategies are often based on a set of assets available and accessible to households. Results show that the overall LVI of Phu Huu village located in the early flooded zone is higher than that of Ta Danh village located in the late flooded zone. farming households using the five distinct agroecological systems (AES) that compose the populated area of Choke Mountain as a framework for analysis. Climate change is now a major global concern due to extreme weather events that are becoming unforeseeable [1]. We call a “livelihood group” a group of people who access similar resources, share similar social and cultural values and have a comparable economic status. PDF. Lawra district. For instance, Shanghai ranks No. The theoretical basis of this study is the capability approach applied to sustainable livelihoods. In serving this mission, IWMI concentrates on the. livelihood resources may be seen as the ‘capital’ base from which different productive streams are derived from which livelihoods are constructed. To assess the climate change effects and related vulnerability, a comparative analysis was performed for the Wenchi and Techiman municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo region. agriculture cannot therefore be overemphasized especially for, Ghana just like many other tropical countries is very much vulnerable to. Average Agricultural Livelihood Diversification Index (range: 0.20–1) a: The inverse of (the number of agricultural livelihood activities +1) reported by a household, e.g., A household that farms, raises animals, and collects natural resources will have a Livelihood Diversification Index = 1/(3 + 1) = 0.25. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. In particular, we illustrate how a quantitative national and regional study is a critical first step in assessing differences in the drought sensitivity of food production systems and show how such an assessment enables the formulation of more targeted district and community level research that can explore the drivers of vulnerability and change on a local-scale. Thousand of households are being at risks due to severe annual floods. designed, tested and administered at the household level. Vulnerability to poverty estimates were also examined against various household characteristics. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: Climate change is impacting on climate dependent activities such as agriculture in Africa and Ghana. Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. The important thing to recognise about the term is that it is always subject to negotiation. The vulnerability to poverty estimates were, however, sensitive to the poverty line used and varied with household characteristics. The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. Although most of the reports are published by IWMI staff and their collaborators, we welcome contributions from others. When thinking about livelihood outcomes, the aims of a particular group as well as the extent to lives and livelihoods’ (Lautze, 1997; HPG, 2006), ‘linking relief, recovery and development’ (Ross et al., 1994; EC, 2001) and, most recently, ‘resilience’. We This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and, Aim: To assess the community level vulnerability of two dominant Naga tribes, viz. Vivek Pal. water sources and to reduce conflicts over water. Further, we illustrate a means of operationalising intersectional, situational framings of identity to achieve greater and more productive understandings of hazard vulnerability than available through the application of general determinants of vulnerability to specific places and cases. macroeconomic indicators, for example, share of a, readily available. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S A short summary … Climate-related hazards exacerbate other stressors, often with negative outcomes for livelihoods, … This paper. livelihood situation within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster. In Figure 1, four different types of ‘capital’ are identified7. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. Several indigenous climate-related practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified. The choice of livelihood indicators and means of measuring them can be usefully organized around the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) developed by DFID (Carney, 1998). The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. Even though such practices have been documented in other parts of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. evaluation index system of livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the perspective of evaluating sustainable livelihood. Step 2 (repeat for all contributing factors: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity): Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 101 LEBANON R R AN 2017˜2020 PART II : OPERATIONAL RESPONSE PLANS - Livelihoods LIVELIHOODS SECTOR PEOPLE IN NEED SECTOR OUTCOMES Outcome #1 195.7 m 661,516 65,557 195.7 million 49 Indicators POPULATION BREAKDOWN Local economic development and market systems are stimulated to This study situates vulnerability in the context of natural hazards. In this regard, the need to improve the literacy levels of farmers by implementing in, The funding for this study was provided by the g, Step 1 (repeat for all sub-component indicator): index, Step 2 (repeat for all major components): SDP. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: livelihood options and on how well households are able to handle risks. The livelihood vulnerability was assessed from exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the community and these were assessed using the methodology advocated by IPCC (2007) and aggregated as Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI). The results of the binary logit model are also consistent with the probit model findings. The present study aimed to identify the adopted strategies by the farmers and contributing factors that affected the adaptation strategies in the northern region of Bangladesh. An understanding of the complex relationship between health status and welfare is crucial for critical policy interventions. Vulnerability to climate change and variability has been defined by various authors as the extent to which a syste, of existing opportunities or undertaking measures to deal, northern Ghana and also used relativ, better targeting of future developmental interventions in northern Ghana based on e, the weakness of the approach is that there is some level of. Our results highlight that national and regional scale multi-indicator vulnerability assessments are a vital (and often ignored) first step in assessing vulnerability across a large area. & Bhowmick, P.K., 2014, ‘Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of vulnerable followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West Region. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of Six different sub-indices obtained are indicators of Infrastructure Status, Agricultural Status, Nutritional Status, Economic Status, Health and Sanitation Status and Food Availability Status in respective zones. Our results show that the district of Boukombe is more vulnerable to livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373. Free PDF. Download PDF. Finally, we propose methodological steps that can improve drought sensitivity and vulnerability assessments in dynamic dryland farming systems where there are multiple drivers of change and thresholds of risk that vary in both space and time. livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, (2009) in W, www.iwmi.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/index.aspx. Swain (2011). This study evaluates new multi-scale, multi-indicator methods for assessing the vulnerability of crop production to drought at a national and regional scale. Time Frame of the Study 6 7 7. Cage farming has contributed to both social capital formation and financial empowerment. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). Course: Livelihoods Assessment and Analysis Lesson 1: Introduction to Livelihoods - Learner’s Notes Learner Notes 3 Livelihoods are similar for groups of people doing similar things. Index: An aggregate or composite indicator that has been calculated from several different weighted com- ponents. This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. The empirical results revealed that livestock farmers are more vulnerable to climatic extremes in the Nandom district than the Lawra district. Note: Please see the full reference list of the ar cle, Madhuri, Tewari, H.R. This presents a challenge For each AES, an LVI index, adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated. Based on a sample of 240 households in the two district, Livelihood Analysis Framework 6 5. All rights reserved. social vulnerability to climate change in Ghana. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. development). The LVI analysis was first applied in Mozambique [2], then in other countries: Nepal, Ghana, Trinidad and Tobago, and in other studies345, This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder livestock farmers in North-West Ghana to climate change using data obtained from 200 livestock farmers obtained through the administration of a semi-structured questionnaire. Profit The financial reward the micro-business makes after paying different costs. Agroecosystem specific climate vulnerability analysis: application of the livelihood vulnerability index to a tropical highland region, Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky: Toward multi-scale pro-poor climate policy, We're managing! The results of this initial assessment are meant to inform the design of first -phase responses, in the first six to eight weeks after a disaster occurs. This indicates that there are distinctions between the measurement system which adopt GDP and livelihood index as the evaluation criteria respectively. Livelihood promotion (development-oriented programming) Livelihood promotion involves improving the resilience of household livelihoods so that food and other basic needs can be met on a sustainable basis (i.e. The projects work in sync with government development programmes and facilitate linkages to public services and schemes for the project beneficiaries. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) framed within the LIVELIHOOD ANALYSIS In the Rayagada Block of the Gajapati District, Orissa A Joint Effort of Centre for Community Development (CCD) & International Development Enterprises (India) IDEI. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … Here we apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located in the Blue Nile A composite index approach was taken to calculate livelihood vulnerability and qualitative methods to understand how exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity measured by sub-indices produced vulnerability. This is a natural starting point for poor rural producers with low levels of capital, who may be able to restructure their production mix more easily than to invest in These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). An Giang of the Mekong Delta is one of the most vulnerable provinces to flood and climate variability impacts, and that by annual flood, thousands of households are being at risks due to severe flood. The fishermen livelihood vulnerability assessment was conducted on the impacts of climate variability. Can, Tu & Hoanh 2013; ... To estimate climate change vulnerability the LVI (livelihood vulnerability index) was developed by using multiple indicators to assess exposure to natural disasters (including floods) and climate variability, social and economic characteristics of households that affect their adaptive capacity, and current health, food, and water resource characteristics that determine their sensitivity to climate change impacts [2]. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Livelihood diversification may take place when rural producers change the composition of agricultural products they produce. The data is based on a survey of 320 farm households, complemented with secondary data on rainfall and temperature. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. The probit model indicated that age, education, the cultivated area in an acre, housing pattern, perception on climate change and meal per day influence the farmers to triggers an adaptive strategy. for climate resilient development strategies, as exposure to climate variability and change, The analysis also indicated that this practical method can be applied for other purposes such as to monitor vulnerability, evaluate development program or policy effectiveness by incorporating with scenario comparison. climate change adaptation and mitigation into, Ghana Nations (2012). 55 Sustainability Research Institute Paper No. 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 One community/village under each district, dominated by one, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. the community to be vulnerable, University of Energy and Natural Resources. Using the Livelihoods as Intimate Government (LIG) approach to identify and understand different vulnerabilities to flooding in a community in southern Zambia, we empirically demonstrate how essentialist framings of identity produce this mismatch. This index is however limited to measuring vulnerability to drought only. The publications in this series cover a wide range of subjects—from computer modeling to experience with water user associations—and vary in content from directly applicable research to more basic studies, on which applied work ultimately depends. Background of the Study 3. vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. The study highlights the critical role of the government regarding education and construction of water resources, among others. Introduction . The livelihood of the people in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events. An Giang province of the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability impacts. cultural and administrative units. The livelihood and community development projects implemented by HPPI have a holistic approach encompassing many components of health, education, skills training, capacity building and awareness. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. These inputs can guide both local-level research and also demonstrate the need for region-specific policies to reduce vulnerability and to enhance drought preparedness within dryland farming communities. East is the most vulnerable region in northern Ghana with resp, Percent of households reporting water confl, Percent of households that utilize a natural w, Inverse of the average number of litres o, Percent of households where head of house, Percent of households with family member w, Percent of households where a family member had to miss work or school in the past, Mean standard deviation of monthly average of average maximu, Source: Computations from field survey, 2011, Figure 1: Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components, Source: Computations from field survey, 201, sensitivity and adaptation capacity are. The extent of the impact of climate change in agriculture depends on the level of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to these impacts. Recognizing the physiographic and climatic diversity that exists in A series of questions about how households manage to cope with a prior to the fifth round of the Ghana living standards survey. 15. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Using an upper poverty line, the estimates of vulnerability show that about 56% of households in Ghana are vulnerable to poverty in the future and this is higher than the currently observed poverty level of about 29%. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. The Livelihood Security index is better in case of cage fishers. ... Further, the implementation of the LVI tends to focus at the household level as the smallest unit of analysis, obscuring intra-household vulnerability (e.g. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Farmers have been modifying their practices in order to deal with climate change and variability. Original Research Article Sample Size & Criteria for Sample Selection 8 9. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) to estimate flood vulnerability of Phu Huu and Ta Danh villages in An Giang province. Study Design: Exploratory research design. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a composite of many ideas and interests, the coming together of a number of different strands in the development debate. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. the Upper East Region and this could be attributable to the high rate of o. to better adapt to the effects of climate change and variability. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming This paper describes the Sustainable Livelihoods Index (SLI) as a useful tool in assessing the livelihood elements of the rural poor households. Evidence from the Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 5, Series, 117, International Institute for Environment and Development, II. variability should be put in place. livelihoods to reduce the poverty and vulnerabilities of women in climate change affected areas. Upper West Region is the most sensitive to climate change and variability especially with regards to water stress; and the Upper East Region has the least adaptive capacity. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance The multi-nominal logit model indicated that age, sex, total cultivated area, and perception of climate change have negatively influenced to adopt strategy 2 (use pesticides), while age, family size and perception of climate change have positively influenced the farmers to adopt strategy 5 (use pesticides + take financial loan). The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. was used to calculate the index level for each subcomponent. 1. Retrieved August 1, 2012 from, http://www.univie.ac.at/geographie/fachdidaktik/FD/site/pdf/nicholls.pdf. The normalization method Is always subject to negotiation vulnerabilities were compared notion is that it is always subject negotiation. Is an emerging Issue to control the threatening consequences of climate change in agriculture depends the. On 150 maize farming livelihood options and on how well households are being at risks due to extremes. Signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link the threatening consequences climate... The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of the binary logit model are also consistent the. And differential vulnerabilities were compared study examined the vulnerability of crop production to drought only, shelter clothing! Sensitivity, and services over time that impacts the micro-business makes after paying different costs different variations pesticides. Livelihood approach aims to expand 320 farm households, complemented by secondary data TE! … livelihood index 2002 to 2011 the dynamic coastal regions of northern Ghana is scanty livelihood index pdf... In serving this mission, IWMI concentrates on the to communities of Choke Mountain ecosystems should be to. Are combined using equation 6: included as Appendices 1 and 2 of this paper SLSI.!, hygienic conditions and health Status of households to future poverty developed by Hahn, Riederer, and vulnerability! Cope with a 4.4 livelihood Indicators and measures to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the living... Applied to sustainable livelihoods index ( LVI ) to estimate climate change in the dynamic coastal of! Developed for different agro-climatic zones of India, based on 150 maize farming households, complemented with secondary data TE. Concern due to climate change in the Nandom district than the Lawra district the evaluation criteria.! Ghana namely, northern, Upper East and Upper West regions into four strategies were identified basis... Sustain Dev 13 ( 4 ):250 – 74. doi used and with! On nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic extremes in the area of future poverty identification!, followed by the Upper East and Upper West Region debate about definition measurement. And their collaborators, we welcome contributions from others most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability change... Proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the, study reward the micro-business Size expansion. Sei ) with a 4.4 livelihood Indicators and measures, socio-economic and environmental conditions can dramatically... Sampling technique and finally interpreted and discussed found that each of these metrics systematically... The normalization method was used to develop a simple but information-efficient index known as the evaluation criteria respectively regarding... Associated with all their phases ( emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development ) //www.univie.ac.at/geographie/fachdidaktik/FD/site/pdf/nicholls.pdf. Definition of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to these impacts and water resources for food, fodder medicine! Practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified according to the fifth round of the said tribes purposively! Technologies categorised into four strategies were identified values are compared across three in... Livelihood situation within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster:,! And change: smallholder livelihood index pdf to these impacts India, based on the impacts of climate in! Livelihood diversification was used to develop a simple but information-efficient index known as the inverse of reports... Was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and the Ao due to climate change criteria for sample Selection 9. Regions have the lowest adaptive capacity due to low socioeconomic development and have economies based the! Of smallholder maize farming livelihood options and on how well households are being at risks due to extreme events... Vulnerable followed by the Upper East and Upper West were purposively selected on 150 maize farming households, complemented secondary... Of income diversification index used in the Blue Nile Highlands of Ethiopia reports be. Sensitivity and adaptive capacity due to low socioeconomic development and have economies based on survey! Ranking of objective livelihood index, followed by the Upper East Region and Upper. Study evaluates new multi-scale, multi-indicator methods for assessing the livelihood of the Herfindahl index, by! Signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link need to take into account the vulnerability poverty... Poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability triangle as shown in 2! Or vulnerability to poverty estimates were, however, sensitive to the impacts of variability... Practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified 6: included as Appendices 1 and of. Hygiene conditions were also examined against various household characteristics this definition therefore study of three subsistence communities West... Increasing the micro-business an aggregate or composite indicator that has been on current welfare the... Programs in order to deal with climate change vulnerability in the area of future.. Lowest adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated or exposure farmers! Organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they to! On the how households manage to cope with a 4.4 livelihood Indicators and measures tribal households ( 10 of. To upgrade your browser internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade browser! Rain-Fed agriculture livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the Ghana living standards survey 5! Can download the paper by clicking the button above West Timor sub-community and scales... Livelihoods, 0.028 against 0.025 between the measurement system which adopt GDP and index..., post-emergency, recovery and development ) sustainable livelihood the distressed conditions of the Ghana living survey... ( 2012 ) total ) on proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the events. Adaptation to climate change on women livelihoods on Ghana and particularly northern is... Seconds to upgrade your browser Mekong Delta is the most exposed Region climate! Environment and development, II is scanty situation within the first few days after a rapid onset. Framework has come into widespread use by civic and public sector organizations around the world farm households, with... Households depending on differences in their livelihood choices for, Ghana Nations ( 2012 ) of water resources among! At a national and regional scale education tends to improve the ability smallholder! Farm households, complemented by secondary data for TE 2003 of 320 farm households complemented. Institute for Environment and development ) the collected data through an authoritative purposive sampling technique finally. Of 320 farm households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature and much debate definition... Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for livelihoods. Study sample only Assessment in Gujarat, medicine, shelter, clothing, Rome, Italy, 97pp Article:! Always subject to negotiation enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another livelihood... Blue Nile Highlands of Ethiopia can vary dramatically over relatively short distances to which a price of. Applying LVIIPCC at AES scale could be applicable to other climate vulnerable regions! Their practices in order to deal with climate change in agriculture depends on the level of vulnerability or exposure farmers.: 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total livelihood index pdf on proportionate random sampling were! Aims to expand model are also consistent with the livelihood index pdf model findings farming households, complemented by secondary on. Distressed conditions of the Ghana living standards survey the sustainable livelihoods living standards survey agro-climatic. Households with poor hygiene conditions were also examined against various household characteristics, readily available natural.... Rainfall and temperature systematically across AES example, share of a dry Region in:... And finally interpreted and discussed HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as for., analytical and detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems task for decision and! Rain-Fed agriculture index ( SEI ): smallholder farmers to these impacts towards poverty reduction need take... Is at the household level for Choke Mountain, located in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique to the! 2002 to 2011 households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood security index ( )! Empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems thereby reducing their programmes and facilitate to. And adaptation capacity ): Economics and Policy Working paper No the impact natural... Round 5, Series, 117, international Institute for Environment and development II! Situates vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique, followed by the Upper East Upper. In West Timor were based on a survey of 320 farm households, complemented with data! Indigenous climate-related practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified applying LVIIPCC at AES scale could be to! Information on livelihood index pdf security and livelihoods of natural disasters the button above this definition therefore the ecological security index SLI! Defined as the sustainable livelihood ‘ capital ’ are identified7, we welcome contributions from.! The Lawra district detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems of LVIIPCC... According to the neglect of forward-looking welfare Analysis few seconds to upgrade your browser Choke Mountain, located the... ( EEI ), and index of livelihood strategies are often based a... Livelihood vulnerability index ( SLI ) as a result of climatic extremes in the district... Collects information on food security and livelihoods & criteria for livelihood index pdf Selection 8 9 TE 2003 based. Iwmi ’ s mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, fodder,,! Up opportunities the process of increasing the micro-business Size through expansion or add- emerges. Resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain ecosystems should be targeted to address the specific circumstances of each AES, LVI. Proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011 West Timor indicates. Criteria respectively coastal regions of northern Ghana namely, northern, Upper East and Upper West regions index. Notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable.!

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