Chinese Family Caregivers in Singapore. It includes events and incidents concerning the whole or sections of the community and the lives, pursuits and public service of individual members from the founding of Singapore on 6th February 1819 to its centenary on 6th February 1919.

Chinese stroke patients Xiangliang Chen1, Adrian Wong2, Ruidong Ye1, Lulu Xiao1, ... Kong [8], France [9] and Singapore [10] have validated these protocols in stroke or transient ischemic attack pa-tients. "Mini-mental state". The MMSE score ranged from 0 to 30, and a (MMSE) Patient's name: Hospital number: ORIENTATION REGISTRATION ATTENTION AND CALCULATION RECALL LANGUAGE COPYING Year Month Day Date Time Country Town District Hospital Ward Examiner names 3 objects (eg apple, table, penny) Patient asked to repeat (1 point for each correct). Keywords: cognitive impairment, dementia, Mini-Mental State Examination, sensitivity and specificity Singapore Med J 2012; 53(7):458–462 [Full Text PDF] mainly Chinese (82%), Malay (10%), and Indian (8%) domicile. MMSE scoring 2 4 -30: no cognitive impairment 18 -23: mild cognitive impairment 0 -17 : severe cognitive impairment One point for each answer DATE: ORIENTATION Brief Informant Screening Test for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Early Alzheimer’s Disease. Mini Mental State Exam PDF Page. County? A dementia screening survey was carried out in Shanghai using a culturally adapted Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Although widely used, the MMSE has limited value in detecting early cognitive impairment; tests with better performance should be considered in clinical practice. Tea consumption and cognitive impairment and decline in older Chinese adults. Table 2. Both forms (Blue and Red) of the three versions (Standard Version, Brief Version, Expanded Version) have been translated, as well as both Blue and Red Processing Speed Scoring Templates, which are for use only with the Expanded Version. To date, two studies on MMSE have been conducted in Singapore. BEST TOOL: The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a tool that can be used to systematically and thoroughly assess mental status. In Taiwan , Normal … Participants were restricted to two major Chinese dialect groups, the Hokkiens and the Cantonese, who originally came from Fujian and Guangdong provinces in China, respectively. The Singapore MMSE compared in this study was validated in 1092 community living Asians from Singapore. This instrument was developed by Folstein et al. A probability sample of 5055 community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai was surveyed, 1497 aged 55–64, 2187 aged 65–74, and 1371 aged 75 and over. The Australian Chinese versions of the GDS-15 were developed as part of a study conducted by the National Ageing Research Institute (NARI) that aimed to investigate the usefulness of the Geriatric GDS and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in detecting late life depression and anxiety in community-dwelling older Chinese migrants. 2013; 28: 769-75. Season? Cognitive predictors for five-year conversion to dementia in community-dwelling Chinese older adults. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was adapted by individual countries according to their languages and cultures, though it has not been systematically compared. The distribution was close to the national ethnicity dis-tribution in Singapore: Chinese (74.3%), Malays (13.3%), Indians (9.1%), and others (3.2%).32 Regarding gender distri-bution, there were 246 females and 139 males for this study; 83.7% (n ¼ 206) of females and 71.9% (n ¼ 100) of males had Table 2. MINI MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION (MMSE) Patient's name: Hospital number: ORIENTATION REGISTRATION ATTENTION AND CALCULATION RECALL LANGUAGE COPYING Year Month Day Date Time Country Town District Hospital Ward Examiner names 3 objects (eg apple, table, penny) Patient asked to repeat (1 point for each correct). Adaptations: 1) Say the five elements in Chinese philosophy backward. The clinical questions were divided into four subgroups and members of the development group were assigned individual clinical question within these subgroups. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, View 13 excerpts, cites background and methods, View 8 excerpts, cites methods and background, View 3 excerpts, references background and results, View 6 excerpts, references background, results and methods, Alzheimer disease and associated disorders, The American journal of clinical nutrition, View 6 excerpts, references background and methods, View 3 excerpts, references background and methods, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our, Mindful Awareness Program for the Prevention of Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (1986), [Kittner ei al. In the Canadian study, alpha was 0.87 for the 3MS, compared to 0.78 for the MMSE; split-half reliability was 0.82 (0.76 for the MMSE) (12, p380). Introduction: This study aimed to determine the stratified normative data by age and education for a modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE's value in detecting early cognitive impairment. Methods for following cognitive changes in illiterate individuals need further development. • Administration form for MMSE -2: BV, Blue and Red Forms. Abstract. "Mini-mental state": a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. This provided the impetus for the current study, which aims to compare the clinical utility of SIRS versus 3 validated and commonly used cognitive assessment tools, namely, the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT), 31 Chinese MMSE (CMMSE), 32 and Clock Drawing Test (CDT), 33,34 among nursing home residents with advanced dementia (FAST 6a and above). The MMSE questionnaires were written using a given country’s do-mestic languages. Dear Editor, In 2003, the prevalence of dementia in individuals aged ≥60 years old in Singapore was 5.2%; 1. in a recent epidemiological study, it had risen to 10%. Specificity decreased with lower education levels. Copyright © 1988 Published by Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356(88)90034-0. It is an 11-question measure that tests five areas of cognitive function: orientation, registration, attention and calculation, recall, and language. The Singapore Department of Statistics defines "Chinese" as a "race" or "ethnic group", as opposed to Malay, Indian and Others under the CMIO model. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chinese community residents … A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. This is a chronological record of the contribution by the Chinese community to the development, progress and prosperity of Singapore. Comparison of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and the Mini-Mental State Examination in detecting multi-domain mild cognitive impairment in a Chinese sub-sample drawn from a population-based study. Background and Rationale: Cognitive hction may decline as a result of certain risk factors (e.g. The geriatricians at these clinics then diagnosed these patients with dementia or no dementia (reference standard). The form also includes alternative item substitutions for administration in special circumstances. Methods: This study included Chinese participants from the Epidemiology of Dementia in Singapore (EDIS) hypertension, elevated cholesterol, cardiac arrhythmias). Month?” 5 “Where are we now: State? Test Materials • MMSE-2 User’s Manual. Score one point for each correct response within each question or activity. 1987;22(1A):99, 103, 106, 110. Unconditional and Conditional Standards Using Cognitive Function Curves for the Modified Mini-Mental State Exam: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analyses in Older Chinese Adults in Singapore. This in turn could adversely impact the physical functioning and quality of life of older adults. May have clinically significant but mild deficits. J Psychiatr Res. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Patient’s Name: Date: Instructions: Ask the questions in the order listed. The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based cohort study that enrolled Singaporean citizens or permanent residents of Chinese ethnicity. A secondary aim of the study was to map the SPMSQ scores with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores. Some features of the site may not work correctly. "Mini Mental State Examination (Mmse) - Smart" Form DCFS561(B) "Dental Examination Form" - County of Los Angeles, California "Mental Health Intake Form - Trauma & Psychotherapy Associates" Form 032-05-0513-01-ENG "Non-availability of Recommended Mental Health Services Form" - Virginia "Mini-Mental State Exam (Mmse) Tech-Administered" 1 With our rapidly ageing population, its prevalence is expected to be even higher today, and will likely escalate in epidemic proportions within the next few years, resulting in extensive public health and economic costs. Dementia is a major illness and cause of disability among the elderly. 2) name a button rather than a pencil 3) Imitate the posture of a man as illustrated in a cartoon Mini-mental state exam in clinical practice. (2007) utilised MMSE in older adults to identify those with and without dementia while another study looked at MMSE performance in Chinese older adults to detect early cognitive impairment (Eu et al., 2001, Moore et al., 2004). This study aimed to determine the stratified normative data by age and education for a modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE's value in detecting early cognitive impairment. The Minimum Clinically Important Difference in the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. Participants were permanent residents or citizens of Singapore living in government-built housing estates, where 86% of Singapore residents resided during the time of recruitment. Month?” 5 “Where are we … Hosp Pract. It is probably non-translatable, either linguistically or culturally, without revalidation and it is likely that several of the questions will need alteration to bring them up to date (and then validated again). Cognitive testing of elderly Chinese people in Singapore: influence of education and age on normative scores. Day of the week? A Chinese version of the mini-mental state examination; Impact of illiteracy in a Shanghai dementia survey. At the optimal cutoff of A validation study of the Hong Kong version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) in Chinese older adults in Hong Kong Introduction Maximum Score Patient’s Score Questions 5 “What is the year? Continue 5 times: 100 93 86 79 65 THEN patient … We compared the presence of the floor effect … The MMSE total combines scores from five cognitive domains, including orientation (10 points), memory (3 points for registration and 3 points for Subtract 7 from 100, then repeat from result. Alzheimer's Association | Alzheimer's Disease & Dementia Help Developed by Xu et al. The mini-mental state examination: a comprehensive review. There were significant ethnic differences in the total score between Chinese, Malays and Indians in the non-educated participants. Singapore MMSE was administered to all Smoking behaviour patients (Feng et al., 2012). A descriptive study of Lewy body dementia with functional imaging support in a Chinese population:a preliminary study. Download Full PDF Package. They consist of "persons of Chinese origin" such as the Hokkiens, Teochews, Hainanese, Cantonese, Hakka, Hokchias and Foochows, Henghuas, Shanghainese, Northern Chinese, etc." Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Interpretation of MMSE Scores: Score Degree of Impairment Formal Psychometric Assessment Day-to-Day Functioning 25-30 Questionably significant If clinical signs of cognitive impairment are present, formal assessment of cognition may be valuable. MMSE scoring 2 4 -30: no cognitive impairment 18 -23: mild cognitive impairment 0 -17 : severe cognitive impairment One point for each answer DATE: ORIENTATION J Chron Dis 39: 163–170; 1986] suitable cutoff scores could readily be selected to identify the subjects who should be examined intensively for the presence of dementia. Objective: To obtain norms for the MMSE based on age, gender, education, and rural or urban residences and to determine the optimal cut-off points of the MMSE in elderly Chinese. Singapore, and to examine the MMSE’s value in detecting early cognitive impairment. We used data from the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS), a population-based cohort study that recruited 63,257 Chinese adults aged 45 to 74 years from April 1993 to December 1998. Download, Fill In And Print Mini-mental State Examination Form Pdf Online Here For Free. Objective: To obtain norms for the MMSE based on age, gender, education, and rural or urban residences and to determine the optimal cut-off points of the MMSE in elderly Chinese. DementiaCareCentral.com was developed with funding from the National Institute on Aging (Grant #R43AG026227). Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. Mini-MentalStateExamination(MMSE)indetectingmultiple-domainmildcognitiveimpairment(md-MCI) in a Chinese sub-sample drawn from elderly population-based study. Speci city . Singapore - Clinical Practice Guideline, Dementia, 2006 and the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, Care of Patients with Dementia in General Practice, September 2003. ROC curve: receiver operating characteristic curve. The convenient new "all-in-one" test form includes a detachable sheet with stimuli for the Comprehension, Reading, Writing, and Drawing tasks. The Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) score lacks validation in primary care and screening populations; most validity data refer to correlation to the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). INTRODUCTION This study aimed to determine the stratified normative data by age and education for a modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE's value in detecting early cognitive impairment. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. The MMSE has demonstrated validity and reliability in psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations. Maximum Score Patient’s Score Questions 5 “What is the year? 4. You are currently offline. INTRODUCTION in 1975, to differenti- ... Singapore (English with Chinese and Malay phases) [19], Taiwan (Chinese) [20], and Thailand (Thai) [21]. Psychometric Identification of Early Alzheimer Disease in an Elderly Chinese Population with Differing Educational Levels, The prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in Shanghai, China: Impact of age, gender, and education. However, like in most other countries, the scores, and a reliable change score table ). Alert Level: In general participant scoring below education-adjusted cut-off … INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the stratified normative data by age and education for a modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE's value in … PARTICIPANTS: One thousand six hundred sixty‐four Chinese older adults aged 55 and older. For cases where patients were unable to read, language Smoker 7 6.4 testing on reading skill which requires participant to read the phrase “Close your Ex-smoker 68 61.8 eyes” was not administered to them. As the population ages, an increasing number of people will be caring for their loved ones with dementia. Objective: To obtain norms for the MMSE based on age, gender, education, and rural or urban residences and to determine the optimal cut-off points of the MMSE in elderly Chinese. • MMSE-2 Pocket Norms Guide (includes raw means and standard deviations by age and education level , age- and education-based . Shea YF, Chu LW, Zhou L, et al. We translated all 11 versions of the We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 1975;12:189-198. The MMSE-2 materials have been translated especially for users who speak Chinese. The site is for educational purposes, medical decisions should not be based on its content and its authors assume no liability for errors or omissions. Interpretation of MMSE Scores: Score Degree of Impairment Formal Psychometric Assessment Day-to-Day Functioning 25-30 Questionably significant If clinical signs of cognitive impairment are present, formal assessment of cognition may be valuable. A Risk Score for the Prediction of Neurocognitive Disorders among Community-Dwelling Chinese Older Adults, Performance of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in long-stay patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders in a psychiatric institute. Both forms (Blue and Red) of the three versions (Standard Version, Brief Version, Expanded Version) have been translated, as well as both Blue and Red Processing Speed Scoring Templates, which are for use only with the Expanded Version. Materials and Methods: SPMSQ and MMSE were administered by a trained interviewer to 127 patients visiting outpatient cognitive assessment clinics at the Singapore General Hospital, Changi General Hospital and Tan Tock Seng Hospital. MMSE AUC 0.74±0.10 Cuto / Sensitivity . AD, CDR: 13 : 2013 A short summary of this paper. may reverse cognitive impairment and/or prevent further cognitive decline among older adults…. RESULTS: The mean age of the cohort was 66.0±7.3, 65% were women, mean serum albumin was 42.3±3.1 g/L, and mean MMSE score Date? For use with persons of little or no formal education. Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in Chinese patients:a pilot study. MMSE: mini-mental state examination. Details of the study design have been reported previously . Original article. Hong Kong Med J. In the 73.3% of the subjects who had gone to school, using the age and education adjustments suggested by Kittner et al. Ethnic and educational differences in cognitive test performance on mini-mental state examination in Asians. T . Town/city? Dementia subtypes in China: prevalence in Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, and Chengdu. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chinese community residents … In 2007, Ng et al. Definition. Day? Date? The Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) is a widely used test of cognitive function among the elderly; it includes tests of orientation, attention, memory, language and visual-spatial skills. 1. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Patient’s Name: Date: Instructions: Score one point for each correct response within each question or activity. Background: Chinese nationwide norms of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) have not been established despite its wide use. Beyond Screening: Can the Mini-Mental State Examination be Used as an Exclusion Tool in a Memory Clinic? Volume 41, Issue 10, 1988, Pages 971-978. C-MoCA: the Chinese version of Montreal cognitive assessment. The maximum score is 30. The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based prospective cohort study established between April 1993 and December 1998 ... SM-MMSE = Singapore-modified version of Mini-Mental State Examination; Q = quartile. Chinese, 26.2% were Malay, 3.1% were Indian, and 0.8% were others. The MMSE-2 materials have been translated especially for users who speak Chinese. The objective of this study is to determine whether regular Mindful Awareness Program (MAP) INTRODUCTION This study aimed to determine the stratified normative data by age and education for a modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE's value in detecting early cognitive impairment. 0.48 to 0.65 for MMSE scores (derived from the same administration). A reliable change index (see Chapter 2) was calculated at around +/-10 for short intervals between test administrations (11, pp491-3). A probability sample of 5055 community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai was surveyed, 1497 aged 55–64, 2187 aged 65–74, and 1371 aged 75 and over. The MMSE takes approximately 5 to 10 minutes to administer, and has a maximum score of 30 points. e values were calculated using Student s -test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables. May have clinically significant but mild deficits. of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test from a large sample of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Singapore, and to examine the MMSE’s value in detecting early cognitive impairment. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a brief measure of global cognition and is often used for evaluation of cognitive functioning. Download full text in PDF Download. Keywords: dietpattern,cognition,Chinese,epidemiologicalstudy, cohort study, Mediterranean diet, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertensiondiet,HealthyEatingIndex,plant-baseddietindex Supported by grants from the National Medical Research Council, Singapore (NMRC/CSA/0055/2013) and … Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Subtypes among Community-Dwelling Older Persons and the Association with DSM-5 Mild Neurocognitive Disorder: Latent Class Analysis. However, in the 26.7% who had not gone to school, there was a significant increase in low scores on the mental status test as well as a different error pattern, reflecting the lack of formal education. Spanish, Chinese, German, French , Simplified Chinese, and Russian. 2017; 23: 222-30. version of the Mini-Mental State Examination to detect mild cognitive impairment was 26/27 with a sensitivity of 0.785, specificity of 0.816, and area under the curve of 0.857. Mini-mental State Examination Form Is Often Used In Mini Mental Status Exam Form, Medical Examination Form, Medical Forms And Medical. Cognitive function was measured by the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) during each survey. Chinese Translations (III) Chinese-adapted MMSE (CAMSE): in Mandarin. Based on the litera-ture [28], we treated responses of “unable to answer” as “wrong”. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. • Rovner BW, Folstein MF. At a cut-off score of 23/24, sensitivity was 97.5% and specificity was 75.6%. Mini-MentalStateExamination(MMSE)indetectingmultiple-domainmildcognitiveimpairment(md-MCI) in a Chinese sub-sample drawn from elderly population-based study. A meta-analysis of the accuracy of the mini-mental state examination in the detection of dementia and mild cognitive impairment. Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) I'ech- Administered A. Season? 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. The Mini–Mental State Examination (MMSE) was ori-ginally developed by Folstein et al. Distinct Patterns of Cognitive Aging Modified by Education Level and Gender among Adults with Limited or No Formal Education: A Normative Study of the Mini-Mental State Examination. 2. A short form of the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE): development and cross-validation. A study of community-living older adults in Singapore reported the optimal MMSE cut-off for early cognitive impairment (Feng et al., 2012), but no study has evaluated the applicability of the conventional cut-off scores for dementia severity in an Asian population. A dementia screening survey was carried out in Shanghai using a culturally adapted Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Mapping modified Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores to dementia stages in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Background: Chinese nationwide norms of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) have not been established despite its wide use. This paper . Comparing the Mini-Mental State Examination and the modified Mini-Mental State Examination in the detection of mild cognitive impairment in older adults. Likely to affect only most demanding activities of daily living. 5. The Singapore Family Physician is published quarterly by College of Family Physicians Singapore. Alzheimer's Association | Alzheimer's Disease & Dementia Help Materials and Methods: SPMSQ and MMSE were administered by a trained interviewer to 127 patients visiting outpatient cognitive assessment clinics at the Singapore General Hospital, Changi General Hospital and Tan Tock Seng Hospital. The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a large-scale research study in the National University of Singapore (Current PI: Prof Woon-Puay Koh), and has been supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute, USA since 1993.

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To all Smoking behaviour patients ( Feng et al., 2012 ) ): and... Treated responses of “ unable to answer ” as “ wrong ” elderly and %... Instructions: Ask the Questions in the 73.3 % of the Mini-Mental Examination... Caring for their loved ones with dementia or no formal education 9, 25, 26 ] Singapore... There were significant ethnic differences in cognitive test performance on Mini-Mental State (! Level, age- and education-based Exclusion Tool in a Memory Clinic dementia in. And Chengdu and ads illness and cause of disability among the Chinese elderly and 4.0 % the... Was 97.5 % and specificity was 75.6 % Elsevier Inc. https: //doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356 ( )! Or its licensors or contributors: the Chinese MMSE has been verified 9... Scores with Mini-Mental State '': a practical method for grading the cognitive State of for... Norms of the accuracy of the study design have been conducted in Singapore influence. 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