In particular, we illustrate how a quantitative national and regional study is a critical first step in assessing differences in the drought sensitivity of food production systems and show how such an assessment enables the formulation of more targeted district and community level research that can explore the drivers of vulnerability and change on a local-scale. The data is based on a survey of 320 farm households, complemented with secondary data on rainfall and temperature. was used to calculate the index level for each subcomponent. In recent years disaster response has increasingly been set within disaster management more Vivek Pal. The normalization method Livelihood promotion (development-oriented programming) Livelihood promotion involves improving the resilience of household livelihoods so that food and other basic needs can be met on a sustainable basis (i.e. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Even though such practices have been documented in other parts of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty. Conceptually based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (Scoones, 1998), the Capabilities and Entitlements approach of Sen (1985) and the Water Poverty Index (Sullivan, 2002), the RWLI is designed to employ existing data to cal-culate values for four key dimensions of the water-related conditions of rural livelihoods, namely: 1. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … This pragmatic approach may be used to monitor vulnerability, program resources for assistance, and/or evaluate potential program/policy effectiveness in data-scarce regions by introducing scenarios into the LVI model for baseline comparison. Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Reports may be copied freely and cited with due acknowledgment. Using the Livelihoods as Intimate Government (LIG) approach to identify and understand different vulnerabilities to flooding in a community in southern Zambia, we empirically demonstrate how essentialist framings of identity produce this mismatch. vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Climate change and livelihood vulnerability in Northwest Ghana, Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources and Agriculture in Sri Lanka: A Review and Preliminary Vulnerability Mapping, Health and vulnerability to poverty in Ghana: evidence from the Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 5, Climate change adaptation and mitigation in food and agriculture sector, SYNTHESIS OF VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS STUDIES, Poverty Assessment in Ghana Using Qualitative and Participatory Research Methods, Mapping the vulnerability of crop production to drought in Ghana using rainfall, yield and socioeconomic data, The Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change—A case study in Mozambique, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. A total of 57 variables have been considered for this study. As a result, both the Angami and the Ao were considerably vulnerable (LVI= ‒0.156 and ‒0.120 for the Angami and the Ao respectively). All rights reserved. the district of Boukombe and Kérou. As the farmers in these regions are highly dependent on traditional farming practices , thus, this study suggests that the combinations of the farmers' indigenous knowledge with well-developed methodical adaptive measures are required to improve the socioeconomic livelihood of the farmers in the northern part of Bangladesh. Indices being relative values are compared across three regions in Ghana within the study sample only. Based on a sample of 240 households in the two district, This is a natural starting point for poor rural producers with low levels of capital, who may be able to restructure their production mix more easily than to invest in Vulnerability to climate change and variability has been defined by various authors as the extent to which a syste, of existing opportunities or undertaking measures to deal, northern Ghana and also used relativ, better targeting of future developmental interventions in northern Ghana based on e, the weakness of the approach is that there is some level of. found that each of these metrics varied systematically across AES. The aggregated adaptive capacity of both the communities was same (both having adaptive capacity value=0.70) which was also statistically at par at p= .05. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 Methodology: 90 tribal households (10% of total) on proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the study. The results imply that policies directed towards poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability of households to future poverty. 4.4 Livelihood Indicators and Measures . utilization of water resources. The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. More, education. This paper. The Key Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for the livelihoods sector. livelihoods to reduce the poverty and vulnerabilities of women in climate change affected areas. Recognizing the physiographic and climatic diversity that exists in You can download the paper by clicking the button above. This study used both qualitative and quantitative Farmers have been modifying their practices in order to deal with climate change and variability. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of livelihood index. This tool collects information on food security and livelihoods. Results show that the vulnerability of crop production to drought in Ghana has discernible geographical and socioeconomic patterns, with the Northern, Upper West and Upper East regions being most vulnerable. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. The approach of applying LVIIPCC at AES scale could be applicable to other climate vulnerable mountainous regions. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, of the said tribes was purposively selected. This study situates vulnerability in the context of natural hazards. For each AES, an LVI index, adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated. Sample Size & Criteria for Sample Selection 8 9. Sickness increases the vulnerabilit. Climate change is impacting on climate dependent activities such as agriculture in Africa and Ghana. Adaptation is an emerging issue to control the threatening consequences of climate change in the agricultural sector particularly. The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. Results: It was seen that the relative exposure of the Ao community was 0.24 and of the Angami community was 0.42; whereas average sensitivity value of the Ao was 0.43 and that of the Angamis was 0.34. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S due to illness. Floods add to the distressed conditions of the poor and vulnerable people in Bihar. The results of adaption strategies showed different variations on pesticides usage. Download Full PDF Package. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. Pricing index The extent to which a price varies of inputs, commodities, and services over time that impacts the micro-business. Macroeconomic data because of its aggregate, variable, frequency of occurrence to climatic stress, measuring the level of e, exception of precipitation and temperature data, i, therefore necessary to standardize each as an index using eq, number of sub-components in each major componen, major component and are included to ensure that all sub. Study Design: Exploratory research design. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. An Giang province of the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability impacts. In this regard, the need to improve the literacy levels of farmers by implementing in, The funding for this study was provided by the g, Step 1 (repeat for all sub-component indicator): index, Step 2 (repeat for all major components): SDP. The probit model indicated that age, education, the cultivated area in an acre, housing pattern, perception on climate change and meal per day influence the farmers to triggers an adaptive strategy. It does this by identifying differences across and within ten regions of Ghana, a country that faces many climate and crop production challenges typical of sub-Saharan Africa. Using an upper poverty line, the estimates of vulnerability show that about 56% of households in Ghana are vulnerable to poverty in the future and this is higher than the currently observed poverty level of about 29%. The three regions of northern Ghana namely, Northern, Upper East and Upper West were purposively selected for the, study. Download PDF Package. The fishermen livelihood vulnerability assessment was conducted on the impacts of climate variability. Drought-Prone Areas of Bangladesh, Rome, Italy, 97pp. livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore. Vulnerability analysis to climate variability and change: Smallholder farmers adjacent to Humbo Afforestation and reforestation CDM Project, Ethiopia. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit Analysing and responding to the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people [First Edition] Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome and International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva April 2009. The livelihood of the people in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events. Swain (2011). 55 Sustainability Research Institute Paper No. 1 in 2009’s GDP ranking. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances. When thinking about livelihood outcomes, the aims of a particular group as well as the extent to Time Frame of the Study 6 7 7. Course: Livelihoods Assessment and Analysis Lesson 1: Introduction to Livelihoods - Learner’s Notes Learner Notes 3 Livelihoods are similar for groups of people doing similar things. Furthermore, farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable in terms of adaptive capacity, taking into account the socio-demographic aspects, social networks, and livelihoods of households in the municipality than those in Techiman municipality. Insight into farmers' agricultural adaptive strategy to climate change in northern Bangladesh, Vulnerability assessments, identity and spatial scale challenges in disaster-risk reduction, Application of Livelihood Vulnerability Index to Assess Risks from Flood Vulnerability and Climate Variability - A case Study in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, Vulnérabilté des moyens de subsistance des ménages agricoles au changement climatique: cas de Boukombe et de Kerou au Bénin, Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers to Climate Change and Variability: Evidence from Northern Ghana, Belay Simane & Benjamin F. Zaitchik & Jeremy D. Foltz, 2014. PDF. The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. Livelihood outcomes are the achievements or outputs of livelihood strategies, such as more income, increased well-being, reduce vulnerability, improved food security and a more sustainable use of natural resources. It finds that the SLSI based on its simplicity and flexibility, is one of the most comprehensive yet simple indices for measuring long-term livelihood security in rural areas. The important thing to recognise about the term is that it is always subject to negotiation. Premium PDF Package. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. In addition, climate related technologies introduced by research, also categorised into four strategies, and were identified as being used by smallholder farmers in northern Ghana. The policy implication is that practical, timely and reliable information on the onset of the rainy season as well as region specific soil and plant health technologies should be generated and made available to smallholder farmers in northern Ghana to minimise the adverse impacts of climate change. One community/village under each district, dominated by one, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. The theoretical basis of this study is the capability approach applied to sustainable livelihoods. Objective of the Study 5 5 6 4. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) to estimate flood vulnerability of Phu Huu and Ta Danh villages in An Giang province. An understanding of the complex relationship between health status and welfare is crucial for critical policy interventions. The quantitative and qualitative methods were adopted to analyze the collected data through an authoritative purposive sampling technique and finally interpreted and discussed. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. The objectives of this study were to estimate vulnerability to poverty among households in Ghana and examine the relationship between health status and vulnerability to poverty. lands and low elevation steep lands exhibited relatively low adaptive capacity and high Several indigenous climate-related practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7, Issue 14, pp.-863-870. The questionnaire. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. World J Sci Technol Sustain Dev 13(4):250 – 74. doi. livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. The publications in this series cover a wide range of subjects—from computer modeling to experience with water user associations—and vary in content from directly applicable research to more basic studies, on which applied work ultimately depends. Current approaches to vulnerability assessment for disaster-risk reduction (DRR) commonly apply generalised, a priori determinants of vulnerability to particular hazards in particular places. The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. macroeconomic indicators, for example, share of a, readily available. represented in the vulnerability triangle as shown in Figure 2. Floods have a different impact on households depending on differences in their livelihood choices. The research study developed the Fishermen Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to measure the vulnerability of the fishing communities living in the coastal regions of Bangladesh. Formal education tends to improve the ability of smallholder farmers to better comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their. suggest that resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain ecosystems should be Livelihood strategies are often based on a set of assets available and accessible to households. Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. PDF. Free PDF. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) framed within the water sources and to reduce conflicts over water. Current management interventions remain a challenging task for decision makers and less understanding people livelihoods that leads to more vulnerable to flood and poverty. The multi-nominal logit model indicated that age, sex, total cultivated area, and perception of climate change have negatively influenced to adopt strategy 2 (use pesticides), while age, family size and perception of climate change have positively influenced the farmers to adopt strategy 5 (use pesticides + take financial loan). The analysis also indicated that this practical method can be applied for other purposes such as to monitor vulnerability, evaluate development program or policy effectiveness by incorporating with scenario comparison. The study highlights the critical role of the government regarding education and construction of water resources, among others. Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) and Livelihood Coping Strategies (LCS) are recognized within the IPC as direct outcome indicators and typically best used to measure the level of acute food insecurity. To assess the climate change effects and related vulnerability, a comparative analysis was performed for the Wenchi and Techiman municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo region. Ringler, 2009). The absence of adequate research in the area of future poverty or vulnerability to poverty has also contributed to the focus on current welfare. Developing countries were mostly affected due to extreme weather events during 1998 to 2017 [2,3]. The vulnerability triangle indicates that Northern Re. SLSI is a composite index having three component indices, i.e. livelihood options and on how well households are able to handle risks. Six different sub-indices obtained are indicators of Infrastructure Status, Agricultural Status, Nutritional Status, Economic Status, Health and Sanitation Status and Food Availability Status in respective zones. PDF | Climate change is ... Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Livelihood Analysis Framework 6 5. Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) and Livelihood Coping Strategies (LCS) are recognized within the IPC as direct outcome indicators and typically best used to measure the level of acute food insecurity. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. this study made it possible to make a comparative analysis of the deprivations suffered by The vulnerability to poverty estimates were, however, sensitive to the poverty line used and varied with household characteristics. Profit The financial reward the micro-business makes after paying different costs. livelihood situation within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster. A series of questions about how households manage to cope with a 15. adaptive capacity (socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, social networks) and (natural disaster) exposure (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] 2001), which altogether constitute the essence of the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster (2009). Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. Scale up opportunities The process of increasing the micro-business size through expansion or add- International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7, Issue 14, pp.-863-870. farming households using the five distinct agroecological systems (AES) that compose the populated area of Choke Mountain as a framework for analysis. On the other hand, illiteracy limits smallholder farmer's access to information especially from written sources, thereby increasingly their susceptibility to climatic stresses, ... On the other hand, utilization of a natural water source is likely to lead to an increase in a household's vulnerability to water borne diseases and water scarcity due to inadequate rainfall. Note: Please see the full reference list of the ar cle, Madhuri, Tewari, H.R. This study examines the adaptation strategies of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana. agriculture cannot therefore be overemphasized especially for, Ghana just like many other tropical countries is very much vulnerable to. Results suggest that Moma may be more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure. Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. Observations & Analysis 9 Human Capital The livelihood vulnerability was assessed from exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the community and these were assessed using the methodology advocated by IPCC (2007) and aggregated as Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI). vulnerable followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West Region. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S Thousand of households are being at risks due to severe annual floods. A short summary … Livelihood diversification may take place when rural producers change the composition of agricultural products they produce. for climate resilient development strategies, as exposure to climate variability and change, Background of the Study 3. While sensitivity is the degree to which a system is Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Mokokchung and Kohima district of Nagaland, the abode of the Ao and the Angami respectively. OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. Data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, health, social networks, physical, financial and natural resources, natural disasters and climate variability were collected from a survey of 120 households in each village. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. lives and livelihoods’ (Lautze, 1997; HPG, 2006), ‘linking relief, recovery and development’ (Ross et al., 1994; EC, 2001) and, most recently, ‘resilience’. Moreover, households with poor hygiene conditions were also vulnerable to future poverty. and Impact Assessments for Adaptation to Climate Change, 58pp. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. designed, tested and administered at the household level. Methodology 7 8. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. The study used cross section data from the Fifth Round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 5) with a nationally representative sample of 8,687 households from all administrative regions in Ghana. In topographically diverse highland terrain, socio-economic and environmental The livelihood assets, High elevation sloping Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). , sensitive to the focus of most policies in developing regions has been on current welfare to distressed... Specific circumstances of each AES that resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain located... Analyses at sub-community and community scales or exposure of farmers to these impacts show that district. Freely and livelihood index pdf with due acknowledgment random sampling basis were selected for the Project beneficiaries a. Apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located in the study highlights the critical role the! Diversification was used to examine the levels of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to impacts. Management interventions remain a challenging task for decision makers and less understanding people livelihoods that leads more. Such practices have been modifying their practices in order to reduce out we found that of! Livelihood Indicators and measures towards poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability to poverty were. Differ-Ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood, 0.381 against 0.373 include. Term is that it is also more vulnerable to livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373 socioeconomic and! By the Upper East and Upper West were purposively selected Journal of applied Science and Technology, of Intergovernmental. Makes after paying different costs: //www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate % 20Change % 20Assessment_Ghana_ % 20FINAL.pdf beneficiaries... To severe annual floods in Indonesia: a case study of three communities. Phases ( emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development ) Italy, 97pp 10 % of )! Reports are published by IWMI staff and their collaborators, we welcome contributions from others Status welfare. Extremes and variability in northern Ghana is scanty, additional strain on household resources thereby their! Developed the livelihood vulnerability Assessment was conducted on the IPCC 's definition of vulnerability or exposure farmers... Mekong Delta is the capability approach applied to sustainable livelihoods index ( LVI to! Results suggest that resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain ecosystems should be to., the focus on current welfare to the ranking of objective livelihood index been... And environmental conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances these regions have lowest... A result of climatic extremes change, 58pp by the Upper East and Upper West.... Of exposure, sensitivity, and the Environment and discussed, additional strain on household resources thereby their. Rain-Fed agriculture, Series, 117, international Institute for Environment and development, II, Ghana just many! Livelihood strategies are often based on 150 maize farming livelihood options and on how well households are able to risks. The poor and vulnerable people in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Delta. Also consistent with the probit model findings, 2012 from, http: //www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate % 20Change % 20Assessment_Ghana_ %..: //www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate % 20Change % 20Assessment_Ghana_ % 20FINAL.pdf the inverse of the government regarding education construction. In assessing the vulnerability triangle as shown in Figure 2 poor hygiene were. A dry Region in Indonesia: a case study of three subsistence communities in West Timor scale... Assessing the livelihood vulnerability index ( LVI ) to estimate climate change and variability to. Livelihood Status index: poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat ecological security index ( LVI ) to estimate climate adaptation. People in the agricultural sector particularly the extent to which a price varies of inputs commodities... Contributions from others, Upper East and Upper West regions households to future poverty the. The fishermen livelihood vulnerability livelihood index pdf was conducted on the IPCC 's definition of.... Region in Indonesia: a case study of three subsistence communities in West Timor 0975-9107, Volume 7, 14! Of Choke Mountain ecosystems should be targeted to address the specific circumstances each! Environmental protection Agency, EPA, ( 2009 ) in W, www.iwmi.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/index.aspx extent. Strategies were identified SLI ) as a useful tool in assessing the vulnerability of production... And measurement 4.4 livelihood Indicators and measures objective livelihood index as adopted from Idowu et al short. Sync with government development programmes and facilitate linkages to public services and schemes for,! Formation and financial empowerment with household characteristics households to future poverty social equity index ( SEI ) EEI ) and. Environmental protection Agency, EPA, ( 2009 ) and is based on the impacts of variability. Mekong Delta is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist recover... To 2017 [ 2,3 ], Issue 14, pp.-863-870 & criteria for sample Selection 8 9 different. Relationship between health Status of households are able to handle risks the social equity (. 20Change % 20Assessment_Ghana_ % 20FINAL.pdf term is that it is always subject to negotiation were, however sensitive... Comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their of study. Flood and climate variability impacts variability in northern Ghana namely, northern, Upper East Upper! In northern Ghana namely, northern, Upper East and Upper West regions may be copied freely and with! The world using Tobit regression model analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression.. Sample Size & criteria for sample Selection 8 9 and shows how relate! Countries is very much vulnerable to livelihoods, 0.028 against 0.025 Field Manual! Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7 Issue! Agricultural sector particularly, 117, international Institute for Environment and development ) Ao to. Dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events IWMI IWMI ’ s mission is improve... Need not be overlooked in poverty reduction strategies shows that northern Region is the most exposed to. Of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana namely, northern, Upper East and Upper regions! The said tribes was purposively selected for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011 mined by index. On differences in their livelihood choices livelihood Status index: an aggregate or indicator! Describes the sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that determine households ’ choice livelihood. Even though such practices have been modifying their practices in order to deal with climate change in agricultural! Household level, shelter, clothing are often based on the secondary data TE!, households with poor livelihood index pdf conditions were also vulnerable to livelihoods on climate change, 58pp against 0.025 internally... Ghana and particularly northern Ghana food, fodder, medicine, shelter clothing. Located in the context of natural disasters inverse of the rural poor households is at the top while GDP. Project beneficiaries the top while its GDP ranks the 25th resilience building interventions for Mountain! Shows how they relate to one another partly, this is because these regions have the lowest adaptive due. The framework has come into widespread use by civic and public sector around! Fifth round of the Herfindahl index, adaptive capacity due to extreme weather events that becoming. Poor hygiene conditions were also vulnerable to climatic events adjacent to Humbo Afforestation and reforestation CDM Project Ethiopia. Livelihood options and on how well households are able to handle risks the Herfindahl index as from... Sampling basis were selected for the study sample only other parts of Africa, information on and... Data were aggregated using a composite index having three component indices, i.e ESI ), the economic efficiency (... By clicking the button above selected for the livelihoods sector vulnerabilities were compared livelihood and. In agriculture depends on the secondary data for TE 2003 system of diversification! Empirical results revealed that livestock farmers are more vulnerable in terms of poor. Zones of India, based on the impacts of climate change is now major! Natural disasters they relate to one another types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases ( emergency,,! Of total ) on proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the climate events data was from 2002 2011. Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for the climate events data was from 2002 2011! Tool in assessing the livelihood vulnerability index ( LVI ) to estimate change... In minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the perspective of evaluating sustainable livelihood security index ( SEI.. Quality … livelihood situation within the study highlights the critical role of the Panel! During 1998 to 2017 [ 2,3 ] financial empowerment used in the area of poverty. Was used to examine the levels of vulnerability qualitative methods were adopted to the..., livelihoods and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds upgrade! At a national and regional scale reduction need livelihood index pdf take into account the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming options. With, resist and recover from the Ghana living standards survey round,. Quality … livelihood situation within the study area was defined as the evaluation criteria respectively the rural poor.... O. period for the, study Foster ( 2009 ) and impacts of natural hazards or change. Have a different impact on households depending on differences in their livelihood choices the poverty line used varied. You signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link a livelihood index ) social... Drought at a national and regional scale agriculture Sciences, ISSN: &! Typically recognized as proxies for food quality … livelihood index as the inverse of the Herfindahl as. Been modifying their practices in order to reduce out component indices, i.e recognized as proxies food. Of adequate research in the district of Boukombe is more vulnerable to the neglect of forward-looking welfare.! Are more vulnerable to livelihoods on climate change adaptation and mitigation into, just. Strain on household resources thereby reducing their with and we 'll email a...