About 645,000 Americans died during the Civil War fought in the U.S. "[52] Another Marine commander Gen. Robert E. Cushman Jr. added, "we had a big problem with atrocities attributed to them, which I sent on down to Saigon. [72], The total number of American personnel who were KIA or died non-hostile deaths, were enlisted personnel with a casualty number of 50,441. According to RJ Rummel, there are lots of civilians and soldiers killed from the Vietnam War between 1964 and 1975: An estimated 1,500 people died during the forced relocations of 1,200,000 civilians, another 5,000 prisoners died from ill-treatment and about 30,000 suspected communists and fighters were executed. After the United States joined the Vietnam War, small protests began on college campuses and other areas. He suggests that another 222,000 civilians were counted as military deaths by the U.S. in compiling its "body count." Civilian deaths caused by both sides amounted to a significant percentage of total deaths. A. more than 50,000. 58,148 were killed and 304,000 wounded out of 2.7 million who served. [3] About a third of them marched on the Pentagon that night. How Many People Are Killed By Rabies In The US? This number accounts for casualties on both sides of the conflict. [75] 30–35% of American deaths in the war were non-combat or friendly fire deaths; the largest causes of death in the U.S. armed forces were small arms fire (31.8%), booby traps including mines and frags (27.4%), and aircraft crashes (14.7%). The 2nd Marine Brigade purportedly conducted the Binh Tai Massacre on 9 October 1966. Two other cleanup sites being reviewed by the United States and Vietnam are Biên Hòa Air Base, in the southern province of Đồng Nai—a 'hotspot' for dioxin—and Phù Cát Air Base in Bình Định Province, according to U.S. Casualty Category                                                Number of Records, Killed in action                                                    40,934, Died of wounds                                                  5,299, Accident                                                             9,107, Declared dead                                                     1,201, Illness                                                                938, Self-inflicted                                                        382, Homicide                                                           236, Presumed Dead (Body remains not recovered)       91, Presumed Dead (Body was recovered)                   32. [64], Note: *One escapee died of wounds sustained during his rescue 15 days later. The Vietnamese government claims that unexploded ordnance has killed some 42,000 people since the official end of the war. In 1995, Vietnam released its official estimate of fatalities. Some have pointed out that the number of lives lost in the Vietnam War has been surpassed by fatalities from COVID-19. The Vietnam War was extremely bloody for the United States, although of course it was much more so for the people of Vietnam (both combatants and civilians). The last week of December 1968 marked the end of the bloodiest year in the Vietnam War. [19][3] Higher estimates place the number of civilian deaths caused by American bombing of North Vietnam in Operation Rolling Thunder at 182,000. Furthermore there was little distinction made between armed combatants, neutral civilians and unarmed individuals for "enemy KIA". The war did not officially end until July 2, 1976, though. [61], The Phoenix Program, a counterinsurgency program executed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States special operations forces, and the Republic of Vietnam's security apparatus, killed 26,369 suspected of being VC operatives and informants. [14][15][16], RJ Rummel estimated that American forces committed around 5,500 intentional democidal mass-killings between 1960 and 1972, from a range of between 4,000 and 10,000 killed in democide. That same year, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. publicly opposed the war on moral grounds. The database also estimates combat deaths in Cambodia for the years 1967–75 to total 259,000. The sum of those totals is 3,091,000 war deaths between 1955–75. A number of incidents occurred during the war in which civilians were deliberately targeted or killed. The study came up with a most likely Vietnamese death toll of 882,000, which included 655,000 adult males (above 15 years of age), 143,000 adult females, and 84,000 children. [41] Operating under the direction of the CIA and other US and South Vietnamese Intel organizations and carried out by RVN units alongside US advisers was the Phoenix Program, intended to neutralise the VC political infrastructure, whom were the civilian administration of the Viet Cong/Provisional Revolutionary Government via infiltration, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination. "Making More Enemies than We Kill? PAVN and VC deaths were reported as 1.1 million and civilian deaths of Vietnamese on both sides totaled 2.0 million. [30] This might partially explain the discrepancies between recovered weapons and body-count figures, alongside exaggeration, although the NVA and VC also went to great lengths to recover weapons from the battlefield. 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